Ferdinand Maack

Ferdinand Maack (1861-1930) was a German doctor, inventor, and occultist. He invented Raumschach , the classic 3D chess game, first described by him in the Frankfurter Zeitung in 1907. [1] [2] [3] He promoted the game with demonstrations, articles, specialist magazines (eg Raumschach ) and several books. [A] He founded the Hamburg Raumschach Club in 1919, which remained active until World War II.


  1. Jump up^ Das Schachraumspiel: Dreidimensionales Schachspiel(printed 1907); Spielregeln zum Raumschach(1913); Raumschach: Einführung in die Spielpraxis(1919). [4]


  1. Jump up^ Hooper & Whyld (1987), pp. 351-52
  2. Jump up^ Pritchard (1994), pp. 305-07
  3. Jump up^ Pritchard (2007), p. 230
  4. Jump up^ Dickins (1971), p. 16

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