Samuel Mieses (November 1841 – January 1884) was a German chess master.
Uncle of Jacques Mieses , he studied medicine at the University of Breslau, and was one of chess pupils of Adolf Anderssen . He lost a match to him (0½-4½) in 1867, and was a frequent chess opponent of Johannes Zukertort and Jakob Rosanes in Breslau. 
He won at Bad Ems in 1871 and shared 1st with Anderssen purpose lost a play-off game to _him_ at Leipzig in 1871 ( Kongresse of Mitteldeutschen Schachbundes , the first Middle German Chess Congress),  He lost a match to Johannes von Minckwitz (3½ -5½) at Leipzig 1872. 
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